Thursday, December 5, 2019
Mental illness Population Studies
Question: Discuss about theMental Illnessfor Population Studies. Answer: Introduction: Mental illness is like a two edged sword. On the one side of it, people struggle with their disabilities and symptoms of it and on the other side they face many issues because of their surrounding and because of injustice happening with them. Mental illness is quite common now days. Most of the people surviving by this illness doing well but sometimes when they lose the control they become out of control. Earlier police was not responding it properly. Even the cops have shot many people surviving with this illness. But now they have trained properly to respond the people properly and make them feel better towards the society and environment. It has been found that people who has experienced a serious disorder is quite like to live in poverty. Currently, the patient of mental illness is not treated properly in the society. The society, friends, family and organization of the individual believes that such person is of no worth and they cannot do anything without the help of others. Mental Illness: Mental illness is a health condition which involves many changes in emotions, behavior and thinking of a human being. This illness is mainly associated with problems or distress functioning in work, family and social activities. Mental illness is very common now days. According to a research, 19%, 24% and 12% US adults are experiencing some form of it, serious form of it and substance use disorder of it respectively (Corrigan, Watson Barr, 2006). The illness of mental is treatable. Almost all the individuals with mental illness are doing well in their daily lives. Multiple Disorders: There are many kinds of disorders due to mental illness. Some of them are as follows: Main disorder Major depressive Disorder Anxiety disorder Mood disorders Bipolar disorder Dysthymic disorder Panic Disorder Schizzophrenia Suicide Social phobia Specific phobia OCD PTSD Eating Disorders Autism Personality Disorders Agoraphobia Avoidant personality disorders (Rsch, Angermeyer Corrigan, 2005) Micro: Mental illness is quite different from normal stress or sadness. A person loses all of his senses such as thinking, behaving etc. Mental illness makes it difficult for the survivor to cope up with all of his daily routine (Pustilnik, 2005). Sometimes, it is not easy to understand that it is really mental illness or normal stress. If a person is not treated on time, it could be worsen. At an individual level, the root of mental illness could be some genetic issues, Parental damage, Individual is never supported by his family, chemical imbalance in the body of individual, attachment from somebody, Life failure, poverty etc. If an individual face any of the above mentioned factors, than he could be a patient of mental illness. At micro level, the oppression of individual, small group or a family is taking care of. An individual goes through many steps due to mental illness. Mostly, the behavior of such kind of people is not understandable (Corrigan, Kerr Knudsen, 2005). An individual with this illness may be criticized every time by his own family and friends. And it is also found that people make a stereotype that such person cannot do anything perfectly. An individual or a small group may experience immense sense of loss of interest, lack of motivation, energy, despair etc. Family and society must have a positive outlook towards them; they must motivate such humans and help them to come over it. A communication with such people can help them to come over it (Mechanic, McAlpine Rochefort, 2013). Family and relatives must give their ears to their problems and try to sort it out. All of it could help the individual in reducing the stress and thus the illness could be overcome. Mezzo: At mezzo level, a person could face the mental illness because of a bad relationship with colleague or boss, inability to do work, not capable enough to meet the job requirement, not able to fulfill the social expectation, communication issue with colleague and boss or people outside, some psychological issues, fear etc. A person with mental disability finds it difficult to work with effectively. The working life of those guys gets change completely because of the changes they are facing in their life (Corrigan, 2005). At the workplace, they feel nervous or they fail to give their 100% to their work. In the organization, they find it difficult to communicate with everybody. Even sometimes they become uncontrollable. At this level, an individual start losing his tolerance power and a high suspicion level of outsider is felt by him. They find it complicated to deal with anybody. It becomes tough for them to set all the things perfectly. For make a control over it and for resolving the illness, organization and colleague must help them by maintain a good relationship with them, hearing them patiently, helping them in their work and believing them that they could do this work (Charmaz, 2011). A person who is facing this level of illness must consult his doctor and take treatment. Macro: At macro level, the root of mental illness could be sociological factor, political and legal factor, cultural factor, government, social events, stress due to some legal factor, poverty, social expectation, esteem, stereotype etc (Corrigan Kleinlein, 2005). A person with mental disability could not work with effeciency. The working life of those guys gets change completely because of the changes they are facing in their life. In the society, they feel nervous or they get fail to give their 100% to their social and political life. In the Society, they find it difficult to communicate with everybody. Even sometimes they become uncontrollable. At this level, an individual start losing his tolerance power and a high suspicion level of outsider is felt by him (Angermeyer Dietrich, 2006). They find it complicated to deal with anybody. It becomes tough for them to set all the things perfectly. For make a control over it and for resolving the illness, society, political and legal factor, government and police must help them by providing them a proper treatment and help them to maintain a good relationship with everybody. For it, they must treat every person diligently and must hear them patiently; helping them in their work and believing them that they could do any work (De Silva, McKenzie, Harpham Huttly, 2005). A person who is facing this level of illness must be taking care by every member of the society so that they could also live their life happily. Conclusion: After doing a study on mental illness and its level and the root of the mental illness at many places, it has been concluded that the patient of mental illness must be taking care by everybody to make them feel good for themselves and for the society. They must not be the part of any injustice and government must introduce some policies for them. A good policy would help such people in live their life happily and would even help them to overcome from this illness. Family, group, organization and society must be kind for them and try to understand them and motivate them to do their work. It would help them to feel that they are of some worth and this would help them to reduce the illness of theirs. References: Angermeyer, M. C., Dietrich, S. (2006). Public beliefs about and attitudes towards people with mental illness: a review of population studies.Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,113(3), 163-179. Charmaz, K. (2011). Grounded theory methods in social justice research.The Sage handbook of qualitative research,4, 359-380. Corrigan, P. W. (2005).On the stigma of mental illness: Practical strategies for research and social change. American Psychological Association. Corrigan, P. W., Kleinlein, P. (2005). The Impact of Mental Illness Stigma. Corrigan, P. W., Kerr, A., Knudsen, L. (2005). The stigma of mental illness: Explanatory models and methods for change.Applied and Preventive Psychology,11(3), 179-190. Corrigan, P. W., Watson, A. C., Barr, L. (2006). The selfstigma of mental illness: Implications for selfesteem and selfefficacy.Journal of social and clinical psychology,25(8), 875-884. De Silva, M. J., McKenzie, K., Harpham, T., Huttly, S. R. (2005). Social capital and mental illness: a systematic review.Journal of epidemiology and community health,59(8), 619-627. Mechanic, D., McAlpine, D. D., Rochefort, D. A. (2013).Mental health and social policy: Beyond managed care. Pearson Higher Ed. Pustilnik, A. C. (2005). Prisons of the mind: Social value and economic inefficiency in the criminal justice response to mental illness.The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-),96(1), 217-266. Rsch, N., Angermeyer, M. C., Corrigan, P. W. (2005). Mental illness stigma: concepts, consequences, and initiatives to reduce stigma.European psychiatry,20(8), 529-539.